Killeen, in Bell Region, Texas, is a bustling city roughly 70 miles north of Austin. The townsite was practically uninhabited until the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway laid its tracks via main Texas in 1882. The railroad business platted the town of Killeen on its right of way as well as within a year, several stores, a barroom, a railway depot, and also a school showed up on its roads. Residents of bordering districts relocated to Killeen to benefit from chances afforded the town as a railway terminus. Killeen quickly came to be the facility of regional agriculture, delivering cotton and livestock to market from its railway cars.
The town’s late 19th and early 20th century residential or commercial properties date from this duration of agricultural success. Growth reduced to a stop throughout the Great Depression of the 1930s yet task resumed when neighboring Camp Hood was created as a major training ground for U.S. soldiers during The second world war. Although the armed forces kept the community’s economic situation active in the mid-to-late 1940s, it made few payments to the city’s building stock as well as infrastructure, probably because of the short-lived nature of its tenure in the location. After the battle, the town’s future was uncertain, yet when the Camp Hood was re-commissioned in 1950 as Ft Hood, a long-term armed forces blog post, people crowded to Killeen to offer products as well as solutions for the growing facility.
Ft Hood’s permanent status and also growth directly influenced Killeen’s populace as well as structure boom in the 1950s. The city’s populace greater than doubled from regarding 1,300 in 1949 to 7,045 the following year on the toughness of the base visibility. During that year, almost 100 brand-new commercial structures rose in the city’s midtown core. Due in large component to the existence of Fort Hood in the postwar age, downtown Killeen has a great deal of industrial resources birthing modern architectural impacts from that period.
The Killeen Midtown Historic District is filled with a mix of late-19th/ early 20th-century business structures as well as postwar commercial buildings in virtually equivalent numbers. Several of the postwar buildings display distinctly modern building attributes. Though a number of its structures have actually been become some level, the area is noteworthy for its concentration of historic-age sources representing Killeen’s 2 most influential durations of development and development. Since the area has such a distinctive collection of historic-age structures and also because its postwar style is noteworthy for its Modern layout as well as type, it is chosen to the National Register of Historic Places under Criterion A, Area Preparation and also Development and also Military, as well as under Requirement C, Design, at the neighborhood degree of relevance. The district’s period of significance is 1895-1964.